Aids Awareness Programme

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By , January 1, 2011 12:51 pm

AIDS threatens in every recent step of progress in the developing world. With 50 million infected we may still be in the early stages. Today India stands with highest ever recorded untreated sexual transmitted diseases. A high proportion of the rural population is still unaware of sex diseases. In Remuna Block area and the nearby area of HRDC with the help of Balasore Railway Station “May I help you” – a nodal NGO of Balasore District it intends to increase the level of awareness among the female sex workers regarding the risk involved in unsafe sexual practice. There would be mobile STD Camps for counseling for use of condoms, increase knowledge about STD  prevention and early diagnosis.


  • To increase the level of knowledge about sex and health hazard.
  • To provide easily accessible STD treatment to FSWs through Syndromic management.
  • To sensitize the FSWs regarding the use of condom for prevention, protection from STDs and HIVS.

Malaria Eradication Programme

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By , January 1, 2011 12:50 pm

Everybody is aware of the fact that malaria is one of the largest killer disease not only in India but also in all developing countries. It also affects the socio-economic status of a country as it reduces workmen hours. It is recognized as an important contributor of maternal, infant and child mortality. Every year the people of Mayurbhanj and Balasore are facing lot of problems due to inadequate health service and preventive measures. Keeping this in view HRDC launched a Malaria Awareness campaign in Baliapal Block under Balasore district and in Betnoti Block under Mayurbhanj district. In this awareness camp around seven hundred patients were given medicines and counselling on preventive measures.

Mother & Child Health Awareness

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By , January 1, 2011 12:49 pm

Since the major focus group of HRDC intervention are women, its village level women volunteers (From Self Help Groups) are trained in major RCH issues and concerns directly associated with pregnant women, lactating mothers and their children. The volunteers identified pregnant women, registered them with health department, organized periodical check-ups and facilitate smooth delivery by trained birth attendants.

The health volunteers played active role in registering 17 births in the Grama panchayat of Raghupur uner Betnoti Block. The target women were oriented to maintain personal and household cleanliness, to take nutritious foods and immunize the new born children. As a result all the newborn in the operational area are covered under the ‘Pulse Polio’ campaign and immunized.

Forest Protection

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By , January 1, 2011 12:48 pm

Day by day the environment pollution has been drastically increased due to the rapid deforestation, forest fire which are caused by human being. The main cause is that the people are not aware of it. To create a positive attitude for protecting the environment five awareness camps had been organized by HRDC in its operational area in Mayurbhanj district.

Promotion of Sustainable Fishery, Plantation of herbal Plants and Nursery raising

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By , January 1, 2011 12:48 pm

Fishery, p[plantation of herbal plants an other horticulture plants and nursery raising are the mainstay of the economy in rural area. But in Orissa these have been greatly neglected both by Govt. as well as by community. As a result, economically it has become a losing concern and not at all favoured by the educated mass of the population. To retain their self confidence this year HRC started the fishery, nursery raising and plantation of herbal plants, ginger & brinjal cultivation in its demonstration farm at Churmara in Betnoti block. From the demonstration farm this year HRDC could be able to earn Rs.1,65,000/- (Rupees one lakh sixty five thousand) from vegetable cultivation, nursery raising and fishery programme.

Sustainable Livelihood Generation Programme supported by Ford Foundation and Madhyam Foundation

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By , January 1, 2011 12:47 pm

In course of the long journey for last 12 years, HRDC formed community organization both men and women, such as youth clubs, farmers clubs, Yubak Sanghas, Mahila Samitis, Mahila SHGs and their linkage to Financial Institutions for availing credit for them in order to earn something to add to their family income. During this journey HRDC got the experience that only access to micro credit cannot eradicate the poverty. It required better linkage with outer market or linkage with outsider to expand their marketing opportunity. After receiving the credit a member of a SHG invests his/her capital for vegetable growing, petty vending, fishing & poultry rearing and so many other activities. But after production they faced many problems to market their produce. If a mass community takes over the marketing aspect, it becomes easy for sale because of availability of much more middlemen who shall go to them for wholesale purchasing of their product. Keeping this in mind, we selected three sub-sectors (i) SRI Paddy cultivation for 10 farmers, (2) Vegetable cultivation for 100 members, (3) Dairy development project for 50 members, with a positive hope that within three years they will be able to earn additional 1500 to 2000 rupees per month for a dignified living in their society. In addition, by virtue of their experience in their respective projects, they will be experts in the field which will ultimately put positive effect on other neighbouring SHG members/farmers. It is proposed to form three Co-operative Societies Sub-sector-wise, which are described as under :-

Sub-sector SRI (Organic Farming)

3For the financial year 2008-09 HRDC has the target to work with 10 rural poor to convince them for SRI paddy cultivation. The SRI paddy cultivation was a new  task for HRDC. We imparted training to 50  nos. Small & Marginal farmers. The SRI paddy cultivation was totally organic. We prepared the low cost organic manure, known as “Jibamruta” by using, Cowdung, cow urine, mixed with some quantity of Ant-soil, Gud and Dal powder, and pesticide (known as “Handikhata”) by using Cow urine, cow dung, Gud, Arakh leaves, Karanj leaves & Neem leaves. In SRI method only a single paddy seedling of 7-10 days growth, is planted at a distance of 10” from each seedling. At first the farmers undergoing training could not believe about the SRI method and only 12 out of 50 trainees, adopted the SRI cultivation. Finally the result was wonderful and beyond their imagination. One single seedling of paddy gave as high as 64 branches and the yield was around 28 quintals per Acre compared to hardly 10 to 12 quintals yield in the traditional paddy cultivation. Our paddy cultivation in SRI method was inspected by the Programme Coordinator, of Madhyam Foundation himself who has taken photograph of a successful farmer Sri Prafulla Singh of Churmara, holding in his hand one bunch of 64 branches grown out of one seedling and this photograph has been published in their Magazine “Jibikabarta”.

Sub-sector Vagetable Cultivation


As paddy cultivation in SRI technology, vegetable cultivation would also be taken up using “Handikhata” and “Jibamruta” in order to earn better sustainability of livelihood generation. By using these organic manure and pesticide, the rural women SHG members got a first-class result. With a low investment they have earned much more compared to chemical fertilizer and pesticides. Buduni Singh of Churmara village, a member of Adivasi Mahila SHG, achieved tremendous success in vegetable cultivation and earned about Rs.15,000 from only 40 decimals Tomato cultivation. She has grown 72 tomatoes on a  single tomato plant.

Dairy Development

1In Orissa there is a bad impression about dairy practice and it is considered as uneconomic activity. Without cow dung a good result in cultivation cannot be expected. The farmers having cows do not know about fodder production. Without green fodder a cow will not be healthy. The readymade cow-feed available in market is disease-prone. Therefore, we selected 57 Nos. of SHG members for cow rearing. We trained them for fodder cultivation. Among the 57 cow-rearing women, 10 have kept Jersy cows. A veterinary Asst. Surgeon has been appointed to check their health twice in a month. We are discussing with the OMFED personnel to form a Milk Co-operative Society, so that available facilities from OMFED and from other like minded institutions, like subsidy on feed, insurance facilities and micro credit from financing institutions can be availed  by the farmers.

Honey processing & Bottling Plant in Betnoti Block under Mayurbhanj district supported by KVIC, Mumbai

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By , January 1, 2011 12:41 pm

5Since last 12 years, HRDC has been working with the inhabitants of forest area in both Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts.. Through out the year they mostly hover through out the forest in order to collect their livelihood out of forest products keeping themselves hidden from the government officials to save themselves from penalty. Among their sources of earning from forest, honey and wax collection covers around 60% of their income. They travel through out the forest for collection of honey and wax. They adopt a very crude method of collecting honey; they set fire on the beehive as a result of which the bees are killed in huge numbers which ultimately affects the agriculture and horticulture in plain lands. Because bees are the medium of pollination which helps growth of crops. The meagre quantity of honey that they collect by this crude method, is taken away by the middlemen from them for a very cheap value and thus they remain exploited. This tribe is known as Khadia Tribe who mainly depend on honey and wax collection through out the year. But their economic condition remains poor due to the above mentioned reason. HRDC with the support of KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) mobilized these tribal people, trained them how to collect honey from the hive in a scientific way without any loss of bee families. They were provided with various equipments necessary for honey collection also. They were given the option of either getting their collected honey processed at our Processing Plant at Betnoti with processing charge of Rs.8/- Kg.; or alternatively they can straight away sell their raw honey or processed honey to HRDC for a better price. In this way, these tribal people taking advantage of this arrangement, have been greatly benefited and at the same time, HRDC has earned the capability of helping the other bee-keepers, honey-hunters and developed the bee-keeping industry.
HRDC’s Honey Processing Plant was has successfully run so far and during the year under report, it has processed 5352 Kg  of  raw honey and after processing, 4817 Kg. of Processed Honey was sold.  The entire quantity has been marketed through different channels like ORMAS, Mayurbhanj, Proyog Consultancy, Raimani Distributors and through exhibition sales conducted by KVIC.

Rural Industries Service Centre (RISC) at Churmura Demo Farm in Betnoti Block under Mayurbhanj district

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By , January 1, 2011 12:34 pm
  1. To develop the bee keeping sector, ARDC installed a Rural Industries Service Centre (RISC) supported by KVIC, Bhubaneswar to promote and guide bee keepers in both Balasore and Mayurbhanj districts. The RISC set up at Betnoti is provided with various machineries, equipments like Comb Foundation Manufacturing Unit, Honey Extractor & Iron Stand making unit, Mellifera Bee Boxes manufacturing unit, Diesel Generator of 8 KVA capacity and other equipments manufacturing unit.
  2. After the installation of honey processing plant at Betnoti, HRDC observed that the tribals as well as the traditional small bee-keepers who are depending on honey business, are unable to earn sufficiently to manage their day to day life. To provide them additional earning, HRDC organized 2 nos. bee-keeping training programmes for the interested unemployed youth and to develop the bee-keeping industry, based on the proposal of HRDC, KVIC has set up a RISC unit on Mellifera Bee Boxes and other bee-keeping equipments manufacturing unit. As a result, those interested unemployed youth are getting all the assistance as well as equipments for bee-keeping and are now able to increase their earning through the service of this RISC. Already 30 persons had been trained in this unit and awarded certificates.
  3. On setting up of the RISC at Betnoti, HRDC has got the following facilities/ equipments.   
  • 485 Nos. Indica Bee boxes and 90 nos. Mellifera bee boxes with Super have been manufactured by RISC unit, out of which 450 Indica boxes have already been sold and 70 nos. of Mellifera boxes have been used in the RISC unit itself.
  • Beginning with 40 Mellifera bee colonies, HRDC has now increased the number to 58 colonies as of now, out of which 21 Nos. colonies have been sold out.
  • 66 Kg. of wax have been collected from the honey collectors and major quantity has been utilized as Comb Foundation Seats made through the Comb Foundation Manufacturing Unit installed in the RISC.
  • 11 Nos. of Extractors (for extracting honey from the bee-colony) have been manufactured.
  • 62 Nos. of smokers (to drive away the bees from stinging) have been manufactured.
  • 65 Nos. Swarm Nets and 52 Nos. of bee veil have manufactured.
  • 360 Kg. of honey was collected after migration of Mellifera Bee colonies to an area where coriander flowers were available cultivated by some private farmers.